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The following article provides an outline for How to Install Drupal 8? Drupal is a content management framework. Now you ask, what’s that? So, a content management system manages the creation and modification of digital content. Drupal mainly focuses on web-based content such as website structuring and stuff. It is developed on top of the programming language PHP. It is open-source, meaning that installing and running Drupal is free.
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Web development, programming languages, Software testing & othersPrerequisites to Install Drupal 8
Following are the prerequisites to install Drupal 8:1. System Requirements
Before proceeding further, take out a moment to evaluate if your system has the necessary hardware and software for Drupal to function glitch-free.
Operating System: Windows 7+/Linux/Unix/MacOS/Ubuntu
Disk Space: The core software requires 100 MB of free disk space. AMP stack requires slightly more than 1 GB. It is recommended to have at least 1 GB additional free space to accommodate your website resources.
Memory: At least 100MB of free RAM available.2. Development Requirements
Now that we have established that your computer is fit to install Drupal 8, there are some other sets of requirements to begin developing your website in Drupal. This is popularly known as the AMP stack (Apache MySQL PHP). If your sole purpose is learning Drupal, you can simply download the above three software and install Drupal 8. The detailed instructions are provided in the next section (Installing AMP) of this document.
However, for a deeper understanding of various compatible software, see below:3. Browser Requirements
Internet Explorer 11+
Safari 5+4. Database Server Requirements
MySQL 5.5.3+ (highly recommended)
Percona Server 5.5.8+
SQLite 3.6.8+5. Web Server
Drupal 8 needs a web server to host the website that you would create. The web server must be hosted on Unix/Linux/OS X/Windows. You can set up a server on your own computer or on some web hosting site. A quick google search would enlist hundreds of web hosting sites.
The recommended Web Servers are:
Apache 2+ (highly recommended)
Microsoft IIS 5+
PHP built-in web server (recommended for development only)
Apache is highly recommended as a vast community of Drupal users has done development and deployment on the Drupal+Apache combination. This resolves common errors very easily.
PHP built-in web server is included with the CLI when you install PHP. This is the most convenient method if you are just beginning to learn website development, and hosting seems a daunting task to you. Do not use a PHP web server for production environments, though.6. PHP Requirements
Drupal runs on PHP. It is required for your computer to have installed PHP before you install Drupal 8. Drupal recommends PHP 7.2+ version.7. Dependency Manager Requirements
Since Drupal depends on a web and data stack for smooth functioning, it is essential to manage its dependencies. Any non-compatible software/tool downloaded can bring down the entire website. Drupal recommends using Composer to manage the dependencies.Steps to Install AMP
For beginners, who aim to learn Drupal with minimum hassles of hosting, server and other stuff, this section provides details on how to set up your local machine as the server and get started with Drupal development.
Step 1: Download the AMP installer executable file.
Make sure you have an active internet connection throughout the installation process.Steps to Install Drupal 8
For Beginners, it is recommended to download through the installation file as it is the easiest way. You can just skip to the relevant sub-point below.2. Pre-configured environment 3. Composer
It is the highly recommended installation method as it would install the most compatible version of Drupal-based on your underlying stack of PHP version, Web server, and Data server. Simply put, the composer will manage the dependencies efficiently.
To download the Drupal core software, open the Composer command line and browse to the desired installation directory. Then run the below command.
Code:composer create-project drupal-composer/drupal-project:8.x-dev mydir --no-interaction
This will install the core files in a folder mydir in the desired location.4. Download the installation file
Alternatively, you can also download an executable file from the Drupal website. This is the safest and hassle-free option for those who are at the beginner stage of learning Drupal.
We will be covering this option step by step below.
Step 1: Download the latest release zip or chúng tôi file from Drupal.
Step 2: Browse to the directory where MAMP was installed and replace the contents of the htdocs folder with the downloaded file’s contents.
Step 4: You will land on the following page.
Step 8: You will be taken to the Drupal default website installation page.
Voila! Your first demo website is ready. Play around with it, give some little tweaks and learn Drupal in a fun way.Fun Fact
If you are running a 32-bit machine, you won’t be able to enter dates before the year 1901 and after the year 2038. This is commonly known as the 2038 problem.Recommended Articles
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