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Below is the top 6 difference between Coupon Rate vs Interest RateKey differences between Coupon Rate vs Interest Rate
The key difference between coupon rate vs interest rate is that interest rate is generally and in most of the cases are related to plain vanilla debt like term loans and other kinds of debt which are availed by companies and individuals for various business requirements. On the other hand, the Coupon rate is generally associated with debt instruments like non-convertible debentures and any kind of new debt instrument which are in today’s world prevailing in the market that is now being sold
Under interest rate can be fixed, floating, or pegged to a benchmark lending rate like LIBOR, MIBOR, or Marginal Lending Rate on which the financial institution and banks these days lend to the general public. The nature of the interest rate is commonly decided at the initiation of the term sheet and remains fixed in most of the debt instruments or can be changed during the tenure of the loan. On the other hand, coupon rates which are fixed in the case of Bonds and Debentures and in the case of NCD’s which are now commonly lent by various fund houses and institutions are often related to the leverage ratio i.e. Gross Debt/EBITDA.
The interest rate in most of the cases are consistent and are due on a monthly or a quarterly basis on a term loan or any other loan availed from the financial institutions and the banks. They are consistent on the payment terms and generally do not change throughout the tenure of the loan which makes it less complex when compared with coupon rates debt instruments. On the other hand, the Coupon rate is very flexible in nature and generally, most of the lenders and fund houses provide an option of bullet payment or balloon payment towards the end of the loan which is inclusive of the coupon rate and the principal involved in the loan tenure
Interest rates vary from various product to product and also the credit profile of the company and various other aspects such as how the company is generating cash flow and also future projections. On the other hand, a Coupon rate is introduced where the risk profile of the borrower is high and the borrower needs re-finance or needs to go off from immediate cash outflow of its debt obligations which makes the company let go of the heavy principal payment which is due in the coming quarter or yearCoupon Rate vs Interest Rate Comparison Table
Let’s look at the topmost Comparison between Coupon Rate vs Interest Rate
The coupon Rate pertains to many risky instruments Interest Rate pertains to instruments having a lower risk
Non- Convertible Debentures
The interest rate is most related to debt instruments like:-
Plain Vanilla Debt
Car Loans etc.
Coupon Rate was introduced in the market after the concept of Interest Rates Interest Rates was introduced in the market before the concept of Interest Rates
Coupon Rates are much more flexible Interest Rates remains more or less static during the tenure of the loan
The coupon Rate is not generally linked to any other debt instrument Interest Rate is generally linked to a benchmark lending rate
Coupon Rates are high in percentage in comparison to interest rate Interest Rates are lower in comparison to Coupon RatesConclusion
The concept of lending revolves around the principle of interest and is frequently used all over the world although from different nomenclature but the basis and the concept of most of the debt instruments remains the same. The interest rate which is earned by the lender is also known as the Return on Investment for the bank or the financial institution. An individual today has a variety of choices among different debt instruments.Recommended Articles
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